Clause Definition Grammar

It is not a complete sentence on its own. Â An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; a dependent clause. In your own words, provide a definition for each of the three subordinate clauses discussed in the lesson. Marie likes cats. Advertisements. Examples: I want some cereal. Non-restrictive relative clauses are normally introduced by which, whose, who, or whom, but never by that. A clause is a grammatical unit of meaning containing, at minimum, a subject and verb. Clauses synonyms, Clauses pronunciation, Clauses translation, English dictionary definition of Clauses. The categories of count and non-count nouns can be confusing, however, and we suggest further review, especially for writers for whom English is a second language. See Commas – comments. The connective relative clauses do not specify or describe the preceding nouns or pronouns, but only develop the story. Phrase and clause play a huge role in English grammar making it necessary to know the difference between a phrase and a clause. example the system of MOOD, referred to above, is an interpersonal system of the clause; so it is located in the ‘clause’ row,‘interpersonal’ column in the matrix. We use adverb clause of result/consequence to modify verb in main clause and to tell the result that someone does something or something happens. Time clauses must be adjusted for certain grammar rules. You can learn grammar freely here, if you read these pages. The simplest kind of clause is a sentence such as I left or I saw Sarah. Definition: A clause is a part of a sentence, a string of words which expresses a proposition and typically consists of at least a subject and a verb, and is joined to the rest of the sentence by a conjunction. You can learn grammar freely here, if you read these pages. If you need more insights into phrases, check out our guide to five types of phrases. The sentence " Although he's quiet, he's not shy " begins with a concessive clause- " Although he's quiet " which has an opposite meaning of - " he's not shy. A semicolon may be used between independent clauses joined by a connector, such as and, but, or, nor, etc. View American English definition of clause. Adverbial clauses of time consist of two clauses: the main clause and the time clause. That kind of clause is handy when talking about grammar. Here are nine pronoun-antecedent agreement rules. Clause একটি শব্দগুচ্ছ যার একটি subject (উদ্দেশ্য) এবং একটি predicate (বিধেয়) আছে এবং যা একটি complex অথবা একটি compound. Independent clause definition is - a clause that could be used by itself as a simple sentence but that is part of a larger sentence. - I bring my dictionary with me in order to check. noun 1 A unit of grammatical organization next below the sentence in rank and in traditional grammar said to consist of a subject and predicate. One feature of the levels of sentence and clause is that they both need to include a person(s) or thing(s) carrying out some sort of action. This is a clause that generally modifies a noun or a noun phrase and is often introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose). It is a subordinate clause. In The year that just ended was bad for crops, the clause that just ended is a restrictive clause. If a clause provides a complete thought on its own, then it is an independent (superordinate) clause; otherwise, it is (subordinate) dependent. This is the house Jack built. A main clause is an independent clause that can stand alone by itself as a sentence. A clause is another name for a sentence. Noun clauses after linking verbs be, become, seem, look. Learn English Grammar - The use of clauses in English. A noun clause is a group of words acting together as a noun. The first clause ‘I saw a man’ gives a complete meaning and can alone stand as a complete sentence. You can complete the definition of clause given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster. Definition of Defining Relative Clauses from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English grammar terms. Learn about the different types of conditional sentences in English grammar. It is a dependent clause. A clause contains a subject and a verb. Non-restrictive relative clause. Use the Commas with Adverb Clauses grammar card to review that #5 clausal openers take commas while mid-sentence adverb clauses do not. It cannot stand alone as a sentence. We can use participle clauses when the participle and the verb in the main clause have the same subject. Note that the clauses are separated with a comma when the dependent clause comes first. Marcus is such a good man that everyone loves him. Dependent clauses may function as nouns (noun clauses), adjectives (relative clauses), or adverbs (adverbial clauses). Examples: The manager accepted the challenge very nicely. A noun clause is a dependent (or subordinate clause) that works as a noun. Noun Clause. describes the use and meaning of the present progressive. Examples and definition of a Noun Clause. It is a part of a sentence. These are sometimes called ‘coordinators’ and ‘subordinators’ respectively. Joseph is a good soccer player. Visit Grammarist today! Clause vs claws Homophones Spelling & Definition - Grammarist Grammarist is a professional online English grammar dictionary, that provides a variety of grammatical tools, rules and tips in order to improve your grammar and to. See more ideas about Relative pronouns, Grammar and Relative clauses. , when one or more commas appear in the first clause. Independent clauses are simple sentences having a subject and verb. 2001 was the year when terrorists attacked the Twin Towers in New York. Although they appear simple, clauses can function in complex ways in English grammar. If the clause expresses a complete thought, then it is a complete sentence. TYPE 0 - The Zero Conditional for Present Facts & Routines (real). Adjective Clauses 1 Combine the two sentences to make one, using an adjective clause. A clause is the basic building block of a sentence; by definition, it must contain a subject and a verb. However, and always will, does not. (Three clauses). Computers are frus­ trating when they don't work, but we all use them anyway. Clauses are simply a grammatical construction that consists of a subject and verb. If it rains is the if-clause and I will cancel the trip is the main clause. Let's look at an example:. Definition of if clauses: A clause stating that coverage will be discontinued if the insured is found to be doing certain things, for example, withholding pertinent information. It is also called nonrestrictive, nonessential, or unnecessary clause. 08) I think "definition auction" is an interesting cooperative game for your class to practice defining relative clauses. The larger structure is complete without the smaller structure, which could be an adverb clause, as in the following four examples, or an added comment or remark that has no syntactic function in the clause. Each of these sentences has a main verb, and a result of that verb. For example: The door opened because the man pushed it. ESL Grammar: Identifying vs. It does not express a complete thought so it is not a sentence and can't stand alone. FINITE CLAUSE; A finite clause includes a primary verb — a verb that can be inflected for tense, person and sometimes number — and includes a subject. This subordinate conjunction is also known as the trigger word. Compound sentence: A sentence consisting of two or more independent, or main, clauses, as in. One feature of the levels of sentence and clause is that they both need to include a person(s) or thing(s) carrying out some sort of action. It cannot stand alone as a sentence. An adjective clause is a dependent clause that acts as an adjective. The movie … we saw last week won … we can get lunch. Clause (grammar) synonyms, Clause (grammar) pronunciation, Clause (grammar) translation, English dictionary definition of Clause (grammar). English Grammar Defining Relative Clause Definition: A defining relative clause (also called identifying relative clauses or restrictive relative clauses ) gives essential information about the noun or noun phrase it modifies, the purpose of a defining relative clause is to clearly define who or what we are talking about. In this lesson, you'll learn what a clause is and how to use different types of clauses to make your writing more interesting. Participle clauses are common in written English because they allow us to include information without making long or complicated sentences. Dependent clauses can be nominal, adverbial or adjectival. The subjunctive mood is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, etc. Noun clause definition: A noun clause is a type of dependent clause that acts as a noun in the sentence. Definition: A clause is a grammatical unit which operates at a lower level than the sentence but at a higher level than words or phrases. A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate but cannot always be considered as a full grammatical sentence. You may also see them called restrictive and nonrestrictive. A clause can function as a simple sentence, or it may be joined to other clauses with conjunctions to form complex sentences. Do a quiz on this grammar topic. The clause which is joined to another clause by the coordinate conjunction is called the coordinate clause. Whatever you want is a noun clause acting as the subject of the sentence. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. , in “The girl loves the boy,” the subject is in initial position, and the object follows the verb. In your own words, provide a definition for each of the three subordinate clauses discussed in the lesson. Learn how to use participle clauses in English grammar with Lingolia's grammar rules and test your skills in the exercises. "If-clauses" are conditional clauses when the word if means "under the condition that. Restrictive clause definition, a relative clause that identifies the antecedent and that is usually not set off by commas in English. See more ideas about Relative pronouns, Grammar and Relative clauses. Also called nominal clauses , these dependent clauses can function in a sentence just like any other noun. If we had saved some money, we might have bought the house. Defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun (sometimes omitted), a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. a clause that could be used by itself as a simple sentence but that is part of a larger sentence…. 08) I think "definition auction" is an interesting cooperative game for your class to practice defining relative clauses. Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a predicate. If a sentence begins with a dependent clause, note the comma after this clause. Noun clauses will contain a subject and a verb, but they cannot stand alone in a sentence. So we don’t have two subject/verb structures as in the classical definition of a clause. However, the subject is sometimes not said or explicit, often the case in null-subject languages if the subject is retrievable from context, but it sometimes also occurs in other languages such as English. A clause is a collection of phrases, such that there is a predicate (typically a verb) and a number of arguments. clause (plural clauses) (grammar) A verb, its necessary grammatical arguments, and any adjuncts affecting them. Relative Clauses are adjective clauses. A comma splice is the use of a comma between two independent clauses. FINITE CLAUSE; A finite clause includes a primary verb — a verb that can be inflected for tense, person and sometimes number — and includes a subject. Independent clauses – Propositions indépendantes An independent clause stands alone: it is either a complete sentence or is attached to another independent clause with a coordinating conjunction. Clauses come in four types: main [or independent], subordinate [or dependent], relative [or adjective], and noun. The word "clause" has been derived from the Medieval Latin word "clausa," meaning the close of a period, a termination, or a conclusion. Most people are comfortable with the idea of a noun, but they may not feel so confident when it comes to the noun clause. Other clause types are used as parts of sentences. Punctuation: When an adverb clause comes before an independent clause, as in example a, a comma is used to separate the clauses. A verb along with its subject and their modifiers. One who uses refined vocabulary, correct grammar, constantly finds themselves correcting grammar and spelling (in forums, chatrooms, tumblr, YouTube, etc. The adjective clause can modify or describe the noun or pronoun. verb clause n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. A dependent clause cannot stand on its own. Clause Definition: A clause is referred to as a group of words which has a subject and a predicate and acts as a part of a complex or compound sentence. The person whom you see is my father. Typically a clause is made up of a subject, a verb phrase and, sometimes, a complement: I’ve eaten. They are sometimes called dependent clauses because they "depend" on a main clause to give them meaning. Like non-essential clauses, appositive phrases are meant to be punctuated with two commas, two dashes, or two parentheses. On the other hand, the second clause ‘who was crying’ does not give a complete meaning and cannot (as alone) stand as a complete sentence. (noun) An example of a clause in the sentence "There are many people in the US; all of them are free is "there a. The clause, a comment, is set off with commas (before and, if necessary, after the clause). Start studying Phrases & Clauses Definition Notecards. What you think does not matter. Such a phrase is called Main or Independent clause. A dependent clause begins with words such as after, although, because, before, if, since, that, until, what, when, where, who, which, and why. If the clauses are the pillars of a building, the phrases are the bricks. A modifying clause can be either restrictive or nonrestrictive. Definition of Clause (grammar) in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. They are usually divided into two types - defining relative clauses and non-defining relative clauses. Marcus is such a good man that everyone loves him. Independent clauses - Propositions indépendantes. three awards. Use the Commas with Adverb Clauses grammar card to review that #5 clausal openers take commas while mid-sentence adverb clauses do not. A nominal clause (noun clause) functions like a noun or noun phrase. The Guide to Grammar and Writing contains scores of digital handouts on grammar and English usage, over 170 computer-graded quizzes, recommendations on writing -- from basic problems in subject-verb agreement and the use of articles to exercises in parallel structures and help with argumentative essays, and a way to submit questions about grammar and writing. What is a noun clause? Need help understanding is a noun clause and what isn't? Check out our page and find our noun clause examples and learn how to weave a noun clause into your own writing. clause definition: The definition of a clause is a part of a sentence in grammar. Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a predicate. Non-defining relative clauses: We don't use 'that' in non-defining relative clauses, so we need to use 'which' if the pronoun refers to a thing, and 'who' if it refers to a person. The verb is a key constituent of a clause. This glossary includes a complete list of the grammar terms and definitions covered in our free grammar lessons, with convenient links to the lessons relating to each grammar term. Some relative clauses are not used to define or identify the preceding noun but to give extra information. The time clauses begin with: when, whenever, while, as, since, after, before, until, as soon as, once. Examples: 1. There are three different types of clauses. The simplest kind of clause is a sentence such as I left or I saw Sarah. Verbs that have a definite relation with the subject or noun. The infinitives verbs can be used such as nouns, adjectives, adverbs. But don't leave them alone, because disaster will strike. So we don’t have two subject/verb structures as in the classical definition of a clause. She is a tour guide. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Check out this sentence diagram, and you can see how to diagram an elliptical clause. com Defining Relative Clauses Exercise 3 Make one sentence by changing the sentence in italics into a defining relative clause. A relative clause connects ideas by using pronouns that relate to something previously mentioned and allows the writer to combine two independent clauses into one sentence. They are used to provide extra information. Definition: A clause is a part of a sentence, a string of words which expresses a proposition and typically consists of at least a subject and a verb, and is joined to the rest of the sentence by a conjunction. clause - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Clauses synonyms, Clauses pronunciation, Clauses translation, English dictionary definition of Clauses. A clause is a group of words that consists of a subject and a verb. He had a house so large that one hundred people worked there. Defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun (sometimes omitted), a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. 'Can you tell me' is the main clause, and 'what time it is' is a subordinate clause. Participle clauses are a form of adverbial clause which enables us to say information in a more economical way. A clause is a unit structured around a verb phrase. Words that describe a noun are called adjectives. In your original example, it sounds as if Mollie baked the cake in the lunch bag. Concessive clause A concessive clause is a clause which begins with " although " or " even though " and which expresses an idea that suggests the opposite of the main part of the sentence. The larger structure is complete without the smaller structure, which could be an adverb clause, as in the following four examples, or an added comment or remark that has no syntactic function in the clause. - These independent clauses are joined by a conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). Some common subordinating conjunctions are: after, as, before, once, since, until, and while. For example, I want to go to the beach this weekend. A group of words that makes some sense but not that of a complete sentence is called a phrase. A noun clause is a dependent clause that acts as a noun. Adjective (Relative) Clauses. So, any group of words that has its own subject-verb combination and that functions as one unit is a clause. Defining Adjective Clauses — Rules Here are two rules to follow when using defining adjective clauses. An Independent Clause can stand by itself and make sense. English Grammar Defining Relative Clause Definition: A defining relative clause (also called identifying relative clauses or restrictive relative clauses ) gives essential information about the noun or noun phrase it modifies, the purpose of a defining relative clause is to clearly define who or what we are talking about. Dictionary Term of the Day Articles Subjects. What is a Clause In a grammatical sense, a clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a verb, or it may refer to just a part of a sentence. Subject: What I had forgotten was that I had a test today. Subordinate clauses normally act as single part of speech. Authority: A Grammar of Contemporary English by Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik. There are two main types of clauses: independent clauses , which can function. Definition of a conditional clause A conditional clause is a type of subordinate clause, most commonly introduced by the conjunction if or unless. Main Clause (induk kalimat) disebut juga dengan Independent Clauses adalah serangkaian kata yang mengandung subjek dan predikat yang telah mempunyai pengertian sempurna (jelas), dan dapat berdiri sendiri, artinya tidak tergantung pada Clause yang lain. Dependent clause—has a subject and verb but cannot stand alone. See Benefits not provided clause, Conscience clause, Consent to settle clause, Consultation clause, Delaney clause, Gag clause, Grandfather clause, Hold harmless clause, Incontestable clause, Indemnification clause, Insuring clause, Most favored nation clause, Noncompete clause, Recurring clause. Prepositional Phrases, Participial Phrases, Verb Phrases, Infinitive Phrases, Absolute Phrase, Adverbial Phrase, Appositive Phrase, Verb Phrase. Examples and definition of a Noun Clause. We form the perfect infinitive with to have + the -ed form. In this lesson, you'll learn what a clause is and how to use different types of clauses to make your writing more interesting. Non-defining relative clauses (also called non-identifying relative clauses or non-restrictive relative clauses) give additional information on something, but do not define it. Independent Clauses are complete sentences. describes the use and meaning of the present progressive. Handouts to print, printable resources pdf. A modifying clause can be either restrictive or nonrestrictive. Examples and definition of a Noun Clause. Any sentence hat you write which has a subject (the doer of the action) and a verb (an action word) is called a clause. I glanced at him in the street. She will be very happy if you her to the theatre. Adverbial clauses of time consist of two clauses: the main clause and the time clause. Clauses of result take the subjunctive introduced by ut (so that)—negative, ut nōn —or by a relative pronoun or relative adverb. In The year that just ended was bad for crops, the clause that just ended is a restrictive clause. We can't drop the relative pronoun in this kind of clause, even if the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. The reason why adjectival clauses are sometimes referred to as "relative" clauses is that these clauses RELATE TO or REFER BACK TO the NOUN which appears in the previous clause, and which is modified by the adjectival clause. Hence, clause is also sometimes defined as group of words having a subject and predicate. To make a distinction between an antecedent that is a human “ who(m)” and an antecedent which is a non-human “ which”. Although they appear simple, clauses can function in complex ways in English grammar. It can be the subject of a sentence, an object, or a complement. Happy searching!. a clause that forms part of a main clause, and is dependent on that clause grammar subordinate-clauses complex-sentences. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. An English teacher shows where the independent and dependent clauses are in a sentence. The word denoting the action in a sentence or clause is called a verb, while the person or thing performing the action is typically a noun acting as the subject. The "did not eat" describes the person and in Japanese, you can directly modify the noun 'person' with the clause 'did not eat' just like a regular adjective. The most inclusive clause in each sentence is its main clause (in light italics in the examples just below),. * This is sometimes called the "stacked noun phrase" or "packed noun phrase. There are four types of clause: an independent clause (or main clause), dependent clause (or subordinate clause), a relative clause (or adjective clause, and a noun clause. This page has lots of examples of restrictive and non-restrictive clauses and an interactive test. Search clause and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. You should place. Clauses can be either independent clauses (also called main clauses) or dependent clauses (also called subordinate clauses). Restrictive Clause. Traditional grammar focuses on finite clauses, the awareness of non-finite clauses having arisen much later in connection with the modern study of syntax. Prepositional Phrases, Participial Phrases, Verb Phrases, Infinitive Phrases, Absolute Phrase, Adverbial Phrase, Appositive Phrase, Verb Phrase. There are some simple rules which can help you to make good defining adjective clauses and avoid mistakes. Penlighten will give you a brief definition of the adjective clause along with some examples. Adjectival clauses. Definition of clause noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. clause (plural clauses) A verb, its necessary grammatical arguments, and any adjuncts affecting them. Review of present verbs and preview of past verbs. The relative pronoun can be deleted if there is a new subject and verb following it:. John bought the book. [Two independent clauses (Coordinating conjunctions don't count as part of the clause. In the interest of accuracy, we should acknowledge that linguists have a much more complicated understanding of clauses and phrases, but for the purposes of basic grammar, we’ll stick with the simple definition. Which identifies the adverb clause in this sentence? Unless I leave in the next five minutesI will haveto catch a later trainI will have to catch a later train Question #21MultipleChoice Score: Read the sentence. Hence, clause is also sometimes defined as group of words having a subject and predicate. com Simple Ad-Free English Dictionary with Hyperlinks to The Free World Bank - A BIG Thinking Scientific Save the World High Level Concept on Amazon S3. The example that you cited is an ambiguous sentence. b grammar card for more words that can start adverb clauses. Clause Definition : a unit of grammatical organization next below the sentence in rank and in traditional grammar said to consist of a subject and predicate. Definition of Clause (grammar) in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. if I go now, I will find him. It tells us. b words are not the only ones that can begin adverb clauses. However, the subordinating clause does not. They can be either noun clauses, adjective clauses, or adverb clauses. clause (plural clauses) (grammar) A verb, its necessary grammatical arguments, and any adjuncts affecting them. Marie likes cats. A clause can function as a simple sentence, or it may be joined to other clauses with conjunctions to form complex sentences. See the back of the DC www. grammar definition: The definition of grammar is the study of the way words are used to make sentences. g) Adverb Clause of Result/Consequence. Examples: I want some cereal. Â An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; a dependent clause. So we don’t have two subject/verb structures as in the classical definition of a clause. It is not a complete sentence on its own. A phrase is a group of words that does not consist of a subject and a verb. Free speech has a price. Clauses synonyms, Clauses pronunciation, Clauses translation, English dictionary definition of Clauses. The person whom you see is my father. A clause is comprised of a group of words which includes a subject and a finite verb. - A compound sentence has two independent clauses. (grammar: independent clause containing subject and predicate) ( grammatica ) frase verbale nf. Restrictive Clause. Non-defining relative clauses are put in commas. For example, I want to go to the beach this weekend. It tells us. Phrase and clause cover everything a sentence has. A noun clause is a group of words acting together as a noun. A dependent, or subordinate, clause contains a subject and a verb or verb phrase but does not express a complete thought. The verb is a key constituent of a clause. When a nonrestrictive clause appears in the middle of a sentence,. The subjunctive in consecutive clauses is a development of the use of that mood in clauses of characteristic (as explained in § 534). Relative clauses are often misused ) sometimes leading to serious misunderstandings, other times simply displaying poor grammar. I googled this term and I found most of the results talk about the usages, not definition. There are three different types of clauses. How to use clause in a sentence. Punctuation: When an adverb clause comes before an independent clause, as in example a, a comma is used to separate the clauses. Whatever you want is a noun clause acting as the subject of the sentence. Compound sentence: A sentence consisting of two or more independent, or main, clauses, as in. Adverbial clauses of time are used to say when something happens by referring to a period of time or to another event. Adverb clauses of purpose. Although they appear simple, clauses can function in complex ways in English grammar. Also called nominal clauses , these dependent clauses can function in a sentence just like any other noun. A parenthetical expression is a phrase or clause that’s inserted within—in effect, it interrupts—another phrase or clause. An adverb clause should not affect a sentence's grammar. This is because it allows us to express our experiences of the world by providing information about the main aspects of our experiences: what is happening, who or what is taking part in the happening and the circumstances surrounding these activities (when, where, how, who with, etc. The 4 Types of Conditionals. Definition, Examples of Nominal Clauses in English Noun clause definition: A noun clause is a clause that plays the role of a noun in a sentence. That's where the subordinating conjunction comes in. They are sometimes called dependent clauses because they "depend" on a main clause to give them meaning. You’ll see! A phrase is any collection of words that behaves like a part of speech, like a noun phrase (“my brother Stu”), an adjectival phrase (“in a different shade of blue”), or an adverbial phrase (“with elegance and tact”). It usually begins with a subordinating word, like what , that , who , which , because , when , since , before , after , or if. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Examples: The manager accepted the challenge very nicely. It expresses a complete thought. Include an explanation of the purpose each serves in a sentence. That's where the subordinating conjunction comes in. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Phrase and clause are the most important elements of English grammar. clause definition: The definition of a clause is a part of a sentence in grammar. The point of the blog Dangling Phrases and Clauses is to alert our readers to misplaced phrases and clauses that change the meaning of the sentence. Grammatically complete statements like these are sentences and can stand alone. Non-restrictive relative clauses are normally introduced by which, whose, who, or whom, but never by that. Whatever you say could get you into a lot of trouble. Defining relative clauses. These structures can be broken down into phrases and clauses. Some Common Errors to Avoid. In the above sentence, the clause “dudo” introduces a quality of uncertainty, — the speaker does have doubt, so here the subjunctive mood is used in the second clause (vaya). I am following English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy: unit 43, and I encountered the term “perfect infinitive”. A nonidentifying clause adds extra information about a noun already identified by other means, for example, by name, by shared knowledge or context. A comma splice is the use of a comma between two independent clauses. A compound sentence has two or more clauses. Noun clause definition: A noun clause is a type of dependent clause that acts as a noun in the sentence.